Folic acid, vitamin D and omega-3

  • The best prenatal vitamins for women include coenzyme Q10, melatonin, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin D, and folic acid.
  • Prenatal vitamins – or a multivitamin containing several vitamins – are a common and effective supplement for improving fertility and helping you get pregnant.
  • To take prenatal vitamins, it is important to discuss with your doctor the correct dosage and ingredients for your health needs.
  • Visit Insider’s Health Reference Library for more tips.

Whether you are trying to get pregnant for the first time or have been trying for a while, a prenatal multivitamin is standard care. Some specific vitamins may be an interesting option to explore further, says Jennifer Hirshfeld-Cytron, MD, reproductive endocrinologist at the Fertility Centers of Illinois.

Both sexes experience an age-related decline in fertility at the age of 30. This makes infertility a common problem, affecting up to a third of couples trying to conceive.

For people who are trying to get pregnant, the Mayo Clinic advises women of childbearing age to start taking prenatal vitamins daily, before they even start trying to conceive.

Here are some of the most recommended prenatal vitamins and supplements that help with female fertility and a healthy pregnancy.

What are the best prenatal vitamins and supplements?

Most of the recommended prenatal vitamins and supplements contain antioxidants as one of the main ingredients. Indeed, research suggests that antioxidants fight oxidative stress which can be related to female infertility. However, it’s important to note that more research is needed to determine whether antioxidants actually boost fertility.

Hirshfeld-Cytron suggests these common prenatal vitamins and supplements to help increase female fertility:

Coenzyme Q10. It is an over-the-counter (OTC) antioxidant that Hirshfeld-Cytron says can improve egg quality. In theory, better egg quality is associated with a lower risk of genetic abnormalities, such as too few or too many chromosomes, which can cause Trisomy 21 (Down Syndrome), Turner syndrome, and other conditions. Coenzyme Q10 can also reduce cell damage and increase energy production in cells.

“I would recommend waiting to start this supplement until a doctor sees you to confirm egg quality issues,” Hirshfeld-Cytron said. If you can take it, she suggests 200 mg, three times a day with food.

Melatonin. It’s a hormone with antioxidant activity that can be found as an OTC supplement. A 2012 review suggests that the hormone helps promote fertilization by reducing cell damage inside the ovaries.

Hirshfeld-Cytron says this can be especially important for night workers whose schedule disrupts their circadian rhythm – an internal clock regulated by melatonin. She recommends 3 mg every night because melatonin also helps promote sleep.

Omega-3 fatty acids. Commonly found in fish and flax seeds, omega-3 fatty acids can help in hormone production. Hirshfeld-Cytron says they may also help produce better quality eggs and better reproductive function with age.

“High levels of omega-3s have show to improve embryo development and baseline estrogen levels, ”she says. Estrogen helps to thicken the lining of the uterus to prepare the body for pregnancy. Hirshfeld-Cytrom recommends 1200-1500 mg of EPA + DHA per day, but not to exceed 3000 mg / day.

Vitamin D. Your body produces this fat soluble vitamin when it is exposed to the sun. You can also get vitamin D from certain foods and in supplement form. It helps control the genes involved in estrogen production, as well as embryo implantation.

“Most of us are deficient in vitamin D. I highly recommend adding at least 1,000 IU, which can be found in some prenatal vitamins,” says Hirshfeld-Cytron. It is not necessary to take other

Vitamin D
with a multivitamin, unless your doctor tells you otherwise.

Folic acid. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), folic acid is a B vitamin that all women of childbearing age should take because of its ability to make new cells, such as in nails, hair, and skin. skin. When taken as a supplement, a 2015 study found that it increased the likelihood of pregnancy.

Folic acid is also important for preventing birth defects. The MGH Women’s Health Center says most pregnancies go undetected in the first few weeks, a critical time for the formation of the neural tube that creates the brain and spinal cord in the fetus. A minimum daily dose of 400 mcg of folate is recommended for most people.

Prenatal vitamin counseling

Hirshfeld-Cytron says that an all-inclusive prenatal vitamin or multivitamin “should contain folic acid, calcium and iron, and ideally also vitamin D, vitamin C, vitamin A,

Vitamin E

, and copper. It is a must if you are trying to conceive. “

Yes prenatal vitamins in pill form cause an upset stomach, you can try liquid supplements or chewable. However, when choosing gummy candies, it is important to have additional supplementation as they can lack iron.

When taking your prenatal vitamin, it is best to have it with a glass full of water. For better absorption, Hirshfeld-Cytron says to take prenatal vitamins with a meal. See your doctor if you have any problems with nausea or constipation.

Hirshfeld-Cytron also says that it doesn’t make much of a difference whether vitamins are prescribed or not. “The nutrients in over-the-counter and prescription prenatal vitamins are similar. In some cases, prescription prenatal vitamins can be easier on the stomach,” she says.

When should people see a doctor about fertility?

Typically, your OB-GYN will administer the first set of fertility tests. Women trying to conceive for more than a year or more than 6 months if 35 years or older, may choose to undergo evaluation by a fertility specialist. Fertility tests may include checking reproductive hormone levels as well as:

Beyond aging, female fertility is affected by a range of conditions such as endocrine disorders, endometriosis, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Untreated people gonorrhea or chlamydia are at risk of pelvic inflammatory disease, which can block the fallopian tubes.

Insider takeaways

Taking prenatal vitamins can potentially improve egg quality, and antioxidant activity can boost fertility. Overall, Hirshfeld-Cytron recommends a variety of prenatal vitamins to increase your chances of fertility success. She says that including prenatal vitamins, especially a multivitamin that includes vitamin D and folic acid, in your health regimen is an essential proactive measure when you’re looking to increase your fertility.

Insider Reviews Overall Best Choice of Prenatal Vitamins

Patricia J. Callender

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.